Many students have different needs; following this quick checklist can help these students have a successful learning experience in your course. This document provides basic information on creating an accessible course. More detailed information and in depth guidelines can be found here: Guidelines: Authoring Accessible Content.
Individuals using screen readers can navigate through headings that are appropriately styled, are descriptive and are organised in a logical hierarchy. In order for headings to be properly synthesized by screen readers, it is important to ensure:
- Each page includes descriptive headings that organize information appropriately
- Headings and subheadings are marked up (via HTML) in a logical, hierarchical manner starting with H2 tags.
Screen readers read out lists in a different way from standard paragraph text. For this reason, lists should be created with auto-formatted lists, and not hand-typed numbers or bullets. Where possible, provide a heading or descriptive text before the list to let the learner know what is coming.
Give links unique and meaningful names. For example, instead of saying “click here to find out more about link accessibility,” say, “to learn more, read this article on writing salient descriptive links.”
Tables should be added to the text as editable tables in the text, not as images. How to Add Tables.
Screen readers can read properly embedded alternative text for images. How to Add alt text. This resource provides valuable guidance on creating great alt text: The Definitive Guide to the Alt Text Field.
Videos should have captioning. Proper captions include correct capitalization and punctuation. If a video does not have captions, ensure there is a text equivalent.